Africa & Middle East Travel Show Signs of Recovery

Signs of a recovery in the travel industries of Africa and the Middle East are becoming clearer to see, according to several different sources, including the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

The UNWTO Tourism Recovery Tracker has found that while the global hotel occupancy rate is at 59 percent, the Middle East is seeing an occupancy rate of 64 percent. Hotel bookings for the Middle East are only 13 percent lower than pre-pandemic levels, while the global average is 40 percent lower


Trending Now

Travel technology, man with airplane and laptop

Additionally, 2021’s international seat capacity on flights to the Middle East is 56 percent lower from 2019’s levels, while capacity on flights to Africa is 48 percent lower. Both are higher than the global comparison, at -65 percent, indicating that these regions are both welcoming more international visitors than both the European and Asia & Pacific regions.

According to ForwardKeys, air ticketing data shows that Africa and the Middle East’s inbound international traveler numbers are greater (at -68 percent) than those of the global figure (at -77 percent).

The numbers of inbound international travelers are largely dominated by family members and friends visiting, especially in the North Africa region, in which they account for 46 percent of all inbound arrivals. But the Middle East is seeing a larger proportion of leisure travelers, due to large events like the 2020 Dubai Expo.

Travelers to these regions are also from countries that have larger vaccination rates, easier travel conditions and flight connections; the largest three nationalities of travelers to these regions are Saudis, Emiratis and Qataris.

Both Africa and the Middle East have been incredibly impacted by the pandemic. While the Middle East seems to be recovering faster due to access to vaccines, both regions are on the path to a recovery.

The World Travel & Tourism Council’s Global Economic Impacts & Trends Report 2021 found that Africa lost about half of its travel and tourism GDP in 2020 along with 7.2 million jobs and put many sustainability and conservation initiatives at risk. By comparison, the Middle East lost 51 percent of its travel and tourism GDP in 2020, losing 1.2 million jobs.

For the latest insight on travel around the world, check out this interactive guide:

For the latest travel news, updates, and deals, be sure to subscribe to the daily TravelPulse newsletter here.

Source link

IHG signs latest Saudi property in Riyadh | News

IHG Hotels & Resorts has announced the signing of a management agreement with Al Aqeeq Real Estate Development Company for Crowne Plaza Taiba Riyadh.

The Saudi company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Taiba Investments.

Located on Makkah Al Mukarammah Branch Road, in proximity to the King Faisal Specialist Centre and the Diplomatic Quarter of Riyadh, the new build hotel is scheduled to open in 2025.

Speaking on the announcement, Haitham Mattar, managing director, India, Middle East & Africa, IHG said: “With the signing of Crowne Plaza Taiba Riyadh, we continue to expand our footprint in the kingdom.

“Our premium brand, Crowne Plaza, is a perfect fit for modern business travellers who desire a seamless transition between work and rejuvenation and therefore supports the business and leisure tourism offer put forth in Vision 2030.

“We are also honoured to have a partner in Taiba Investment, which is known for experience and expertise in the sector.

“The new build hotel will greatly benefit from increasing demand from the centre and enhance the city’s hospitality offerings.”

The hotel will offer 192 rooms and 110 serviced apartments and will provide a holistic experience for transient and extended-stay guests alike.

“We are pleased to be partnering with IHG to develop our new hotel in the capital city of Riyadh,” added Saleh Habdan Al-Habdan, chief executive of Taiba Investments Real Estate Company.

IHG currently operates 37 hotels in Saudi Arabia across five brands including InterContinental, Crowne Plaza, Holiday Inn, Staybridge Suites and voco.

A further 23 hotels are in the development pipeline, due to open within the next three to five years.

Source link

Amadeus signs landmark deal with Marriott International | News

Amadeus has announced an agreement with Marriott International to deploy the Amadeus Central Reservations System (ACRS).

It is hoped the deal will help modernise the hotel giant’s reservation infrastructure in the coming years.

Integrating the ACRS will ultimately replace Marriott’s proprietary reservations system and expand its commerce capabilities, including enabling travellers to personalise their trips.

The system will provide greater flexibility in choosing guest room attributes, and purchasing products like spa and golf when booking a stay.

Francisco Pérez-Lozao Rüter, president, hospitality, Amadeus commented: “We are excited to work with Marriott to deliver our next-generation technology throughout its portfolio.

“Adding Marriott to the global community of hotel brands choosing Amadeus to evolve their technology ecosystems supports our transformational vision and long-term investments to the industry.

“This platform empowers our customers to be able to meet ever-changing traveller expectations while gaining a single, consolidated view of data for more strategic decision-making.”

The ACRS has been built to support the needs of enterprise hotel companies, including the integration of the hotel brands’ proprietary ecosystem, such as property management systems, loyalty programs, revenue management systems, data warehouses and other third-party systems.

Streamlining the integration points through a modern CRS platform increases operational efficiency and reduces IT complexity for both corporate and on-property users.

The cloud technology architecture further enables ultra-high availability and ultra-fast response times, with the additional benefit of resilient, seamless servicing.

“We look forward to working with Amadeus and leveraging its CRS technology that will support our strategic vision to create a robust travel retailing platform for our guests and hotels,” added Drew Pinto, Global officer, distribution, revenue strategy, engagement centres and global sales, Marriott International.

“It will make the breadth of Marriott’s travel offerings more readily available to customers, giving them more choices to personalise their experience when they book travel with us.”

Source link

Amadeus signs Delta distribution deal | News

Amadeus and Delta Air Lines have announced a new global distribution agreement, providing travellers with a full range of options via the Amadeus Travel Platform for enhanced retailing.

Through this new value-based distribution agreement, Amadeus-connected travel sellers will have access to the full range of Delta’s products thanks to an optimised shopping display that provides expanded product options on all flights including attributes and ancillary services.

This expands customer choice and allows the airline, and its travel agency partners, to deliver more value and relevant content for travellers.

“We commend Amadeus for its commitment to innovation. 

“Aligning the travel distribution ecosystem with value-creation and shopping display improvements that will benefit all customers in their channels of choice,” said Jeff Lobl, managing director of global distribution, Delta Air Lines.

“This agreement completes the transformation of Delta’s distribution partnerships as we work together to elevate the customer experience in our indirect channels.”

The Amadeus Travel Platform offers the broadest range of content across multiple channels so travel sellers and buyers can easily shop, sell and service unique offers from Delta through a range of front-end solutions, including Amadeus Selling Platform Connect, Amadeus Web Services and the Cytric self-booking and expense solution.

“We are pleased to continue this collaboration with Delta, further solidifying our long-standing partnership to power great journeys together.

“As we navigate through Covid-19 and look to rebuild travel for the future, bringing back traveller confidence will be key.

“Together we are working towards these goals by modernising the shopping experience and creating more value for travel sellers and travellers through Amadeus’ advanced distribution solutions”, said Javier Laforgue, executive vice president, air distribution, Amadeus.

Source link

Garuda Indonesia signs Emirates codeshare deal | News

Emirates and Garuda Indonesia have signed a memorandum of understanding to establish a codeshare partnership.

The new partnership allows customers to enjoy seamless connectivity on new routes across the Americas, Middle East, Africa and Europe.

Emirates and Garuda Indonesia will also explore opportunities to cooperate on their respective frequent flyer programmes, to enable customers of both airlines to earn and redeem loyalty points for reward tickets, upgrades and other exclusive benefits.

Subject to required regulatory approvals, the codeshare agreement is expected to come into effect from January, with travel benefits stretching across 18 routes on both airlines’ networks.

Adnan Kazim, chief commercial officer, Emirates, said: “We are pleased to forge a codeshare partnership with Garuda Indonesia to provide our customers with access to additional destinations in Indonesia and which also allows them to enjoy seamless and convenient connectivity to eight domestic destinations to and from Dubai and to our global network through Jakarta, and three destinations through Denpasar.

“Indonesia is an important market for Emirates and our partnership with Garuda Indonesia is testament to Emirates’ commitment to continuously strengthen our network, and complement our offering.”

Under the codeshare agreement, Emirates customers will be able to connect to and from Denpasar (DPS), Surabaya (SUB), Makassar (UPG), Balikpapan (BPN), Manado (MDC), Medan (MES), Padang (PDG) and Solo (SOC) airports on flights operated by Garuda Indonesia from Jakarta (CGK), to Dubai and beyond with a single ticket.

Additionally, routes directly connecting Denpasar (DPS) with Surabaya (SUB) and Makassar (UPG), will be available for passengers’ convenience.

Tickets can be purchased online on Emirates’ website or through Emirates’ local sales offices and travel agents for travel starting from January 2nd.

Garuda Indonesia will also add their marketing code to flights on eight routes, operated by Emirates, including between Dubai and Jakarta (CGK), Denpasar (DPS), Bahrain (BAH), Moscow (DME), Johannesburg (JNB), Cairo (CAI) London (LHR) and Manchester (MAN).

Irfan Setiaputra, chief executive, Garuda Indonesia, said: “We are delighted to announce our partnership with Emirates that gives their inbound passengers seamless access to top travel destinations in Indonesia connected by Garuda’s domestic network. Outbound Garuda passengers will also benefit from this partnership as it gives them access to a wider range of destinations served by Emirates.”

Source link

Cycas signs three new London properties

Hotel operator Cycas Hospitality has signed a strategic
partnership agreement with real estate and energy investment company London
Town Group that will see it operate three properties in Paddington.

The agreement includes the first two Mercure-branded hotels
for Cycas, the recently refurbished 72-room Mercure London Hyde Park and the 86-room
Mercure London Paddington, which is scheduled to begin a full renovation
programme next year.

In addition, Cycas will operate its seventh IHG-branded
property, the 64-room Hotel Indigo London Paddington.

The agreement grows Cycas’s management portfolio to eight
hotels in London and 18 across the UK.

The company has appointed Tanja Furby cluster general
manager for all three of the new hotels.

Matt Luscombe, CEO of Cycas Hospitality, said: “With their
central locations and exceptional transport links, these three hotels are
ideally positioned to capitalise on the recovery in business and leisure
travel. We’re proud and excited to begin this partnership together.”

Source link

Not sure where to travel next? Just follow the signs! | Travel News | Travel

Hollywood… the world’s most recognisable sign (Image: Getty)

Check out our pick of the best, from the world-renowned one in Hollywood to a controversial one in Paris.

Hollywood, California, USA

Probably the world’s most recognisable sign, it was first erected as Hollywoodland in 1923 to promote a property development – basically, it was a sheet metal billboard with 3,750 lights, 30ft letters and cost $21,000, around $330,000 today.

It was only intended to be on the hillside for 18 months but as the movie industry in the area grew, it became synonymous with the place and was left there (tragically, a young actress jumped to her death from the sign in 1932).

After years of neglect and two patch-ups, the land was removed in 1949 and it was repaired again.

Get the latest three-day weather forecast where you live. Find out by adding your postcode or visit InYourArea

By the late 1970s, it was extremely dilapidated and a public campaign to restore it was kickstarted by Playboy magazine owner Hugh Hefner, supported by stars such as Andy Williams, Alice Cooper and commercial interests including Warner Bros Records and the Hollywood Independent newspaper.

The revamped sign was unveiled with new 45ft letters and, after spruce-ups in 2003 and 2013, it is getting ready for its centenary. It truly is a 450ft-long sign of the times.

● More info

Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Like Hollywood, oh so recognisable.

This 25ft tall beauty has been welcoming people to fabulous Sin City since 1959.

Around 5.6 million international visitors a year normally head to Vegas and for the first-timers (and many returnees) it’s obligatory to grab a selfie here.

Las Vegas sign

Fabulous Vegas: A mandatory stop for a snap (Image: Getty)

The sign has its own website, though it’s pretty limited.

P.S. Don’t miss the Neon Museum in Downtown Vegas, home to many classic old signs

● More info

Land’s End, Cornwall

Dating from the 1950s, what may be Britain’s most photographed signpost marks the starting or finishing point for 874-mile John O’Groats End-to-Enders.

It is part of a heavily commercialised tourist attraction and a local photography company owns the sign, so if you want a picture by it you need to dig out your wallet or purse.

Land's End sign

Want a picture at Land’s End? Be ready to pay (Image: Getty)

Nonetheless, it is worth seeing at least, and the scenery is spectacular.

 More info

Penny Lane, Liverpool

A simple street sign in the blue suburban skies of Liverpool, yet of global musical significance thanks to the genius of John Lennon and Paul McCartney in 1967.

Beatles fans flock here for photo opportunities and on tours and, inevitably, there have been signs pilfered and graffiti daubed on.

The city council invested in a “theft-proof” sign but of course the determined souvenir hunters said ”we can work it out… of the wall”.

Penny Lane, Liverpool

The one for John Lennon and Paul McCartney fans (Image: Getty)

(Declaration of interest: my Mum lived on Penny Lane for a time and married my Dad at St Barnabas Church, also on Penny Lane. She assures me she’s never nicked a sign.)

● More info

Platform 9 3/4, King’s Cross station, London

The fictional movie sign from the Harry Potter series has been recreated at the station and is a huge crowd-puller.

Turn up at almost any time and you find a queue for the essential running-at-the-wall-with-the-luggage-trolley shot.

A professional photographer is on hand between 9am and 9pm daily, but you can do your own wizarding world snaps for free.

Platform 9 3/4, King's Cross station

A must for Harry Potter lovers (Image: Getty)

A simple but brilliant tourist attraction.

● More info

Marbella Arch, Spain

It’s a striking concrete arch with ‘Marbella’ written at the top, sitting astride the N-340 road heading from the east into the Costa del Sol resort.

Illuminated at night and dating from 1992, it’s a nice photo opportunity and popular for selfies.

Marbella Arch

A grand entry… Marbella Arch (Image: Getty)

Underwhelmingly, it’s flanked by petrol stations.

● More info

London Underground roundel

Much more than a public transport sign, the roundel has evolved over more than 150 years into a symbol for the capital itself and is now a globally known icon found on everything from T-shirts to drinks mats via tattoos and lights.

The fabled roundel was first a solid disc then, in 1913, London Underground publicity manager Frank Pick met calligrapher Edward Johnston and commissioned a new company typeface.

By 1917 Johnston had reworked the solid roundel to suit the new lettering, redesigning it as the hollow ring with a blue bar that is used today.

London Underground sign

London’s unmistakable tube sign (Image: Getty)

The derivatives of Johnson’s new typeface are still in use today and renowned for their clarity and readability.

Mind the gap!

● More info

Route 66, California, USA

While you can still find a few signs for the fabled 2,400-mile Mother Road along the old route from Chicago to the Pacific Ocean at Los Angeles, the one of choice has to be at Santa Monica Pier, which announces you are at The End Of The Trail.

Santa Monica Route 66 sign

If you see this sign, you made it! (Image: Getty)

Take it all in, then head to the end of the pier to gaze over the Pacific and contemplate the next land you’d arrive at would be Japan… 5,500 miles away.

● More info

Moulin Rouge, Paris

The cabaret home of the can-can has been in the Pigalle area of the French capital since 1899, with the current building dating from 1921.

There is of course a red windmill and two lettering signs, one white and one red and yellow.

It has survived scandal, fire and a haze of cigarette smoke and absinthe – and the venue remains a popular tourist attraction today.

Moulin Rouge, Paris

Paris, Paris… The Moulin Rouge is just as popular today as it was in 1899 (Image: Getty)

Celebrated stars include Mistinguett, the 1920s actress and singer who at one time was the highest-paid female entertainer in the world, and Le Pétomane, the pre-First World War ”fartiste” who entertained with flatulent routines such as playing La Marseillaise and blowing out candles.

Literally, the butt of many jokes.

 More info

Source link

American Airlines signs IndiGo codeshare deal | News

American Airlines is opening new doors across India this fall thanks to a new codeshare agreement with IndiGo.

The agreement will place American’s code on 29 of IndiGo’s domestic routes in India, providing a convenient option for customers arriving on the carrier’s new Bengaluru (BLR) and Delhi (DEL) flights.

The codeshare, which will require United States and Indian government approvals, is expected to begin in October.

American will launch new service between New York (JFK) and Delhi on October 31st and between Seattle and Bengaluru on January 4th next year.

“We’re eager to add IndiGo as our trusted partner in India,” said Vasu Raja, American chief revenue officer.

“Whether our customers are traveling for business or pleasure, this new partnership makes it easy to reach all four corners of India.

“Today we’re adding 29 new routes to our map as a result of this agreement, providing customers with even more options around the globe.”

IndiGo, India’s largest airline by number of passengers carried, is based in Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

With its fleet of 275 aircraft, the airline operates more than 1,100 daily flights, connecting 70 domestic destinations and 24 international destinations.

“We are delighted to sign this codeshare agreement with one of the world’s largest and most reputed airlines,” said Ronojoy Dutta, chief executive of IndiGo.

“We are confident that this will be a strong partnership that will create many opportunities for trade and tourism through IndiGo’s seamless nationwide connectivity.

“We look forward to having American’s customers on our lean clean flying machine, as we extend to them our on-time, affordable, courteous and hassle-free travel experience.”

Source link

Finnair signs Turkish Airlines codeshare deal | News

Finnair and Turkish Airlines have announced a codeshare agreement that brings more choice to customers.

Starting September 29th, the Finnair AY code will be added to Turkish Airlines route between Helsinki and Istanbul, and from Istanbul to Athens, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Amman, Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Luxor, Antalya and Gazipasa. 

Respectively, the Turkish Airlines TK code will be added to the following routes from Finnair’s Helsinki hub: Kuopio, Vaasa, Oulu, Rovaniemi, Reykjavik, Tallinn, Tartu, Riga, Vilnius, Antalya and Gazipasa.

“We are happy to be able to offer more options to our customers, as travel now starts to recover and our customers are again able to fulfil their travel dreams,” said Ole Orvér, chief commercial officer, Finnair.

“We also welcome Turkish Airlines’ customers to explore the beautiful Nordics through our extensive network of connections from Helsinki.”

Turkish Airlines flies to more countries and international destinations than any other airline in the world, and currently operates to more than 300 international passenger and cargo destinations in total, in 127 countries.

“We are glad to expand our current interline cooperation in terms of this codeshare agreement with Finnair.

“With the introduction of joint flights on several destinations in Finland, Turkey and Baltics, Iceland, south Europe, north Africa and Middle East, passengers would enjoy more travel alternatives through the combined flights”, said Ahmet Bolat, Turkish Airlines chief investment and technology officer.

Source link

Governor Says Metrics Show Signs of Flattening, Travel Advisory Update – NBC Chicago

Gov. J.B. Pritzker expressed optimism as the state’s COVID metrics begin to show signs they may be starting to “flatten out.”

Meanwhile, officials announced changes to the city’s travel advisory as part of its weekly update after last week’s report indicated two states were near removal from the list.

Here’s what you need to know about the coronavirus pandemic across Illinois today:

Connecticut, D.C. Removed From Chicago’s Travel Advisory

Connecticut and the District of Columbia were removed from Chicago’s travel advisory, city officials announced Tuesday, marking the only locations to not be listed under the “orange” category of the travel guidance.

Last week, the advisory was updated to include every U.S. state, making Vermont the final location to be added to the city’s warning list, which recommends unvaccinated travelers from such locations test negative for COVID-19 and quarantine.

In its previous update, city officials noted that two states – New Hampshire and Connecticut – as well as the District of Columbia, saw their case rates fall below the threshold, but they were not yet removed from the advisory as they needed to keep their levels low for two consecutive weeks.

New Hampshire remained on the list Tuesday, however.

Read more here.

Pritzker ‘Hopeful’ as COVID Cases, Hospitalizations Show Signs of ‘Flattening Out’ in Illinois

Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker says that COVID numbers in the state may be beginning to “flatten out,” and that he is “hopeful” about the direction the state is heading in.

Pritzker spoke to media Monday about the COVID numbers, which had previously caused the state to re-institute a mask mandate for indoor spaces, even for vaccinated residents.

While the governor did not say when residents could expect the new mask order to be rescinded, he did say that several key metrics, including cases and hospitalizations, are starting to show signs of flattening out.

“It’s certainly heartening to see as I have that hospitalizations are not going up,” he said. “That’s a very important indication that maybe things have flattened out.”

Read more here.

COVID Metrics: Coronavirus Vaccination Rates Decline in Illinois After Summer Upswing

After a run of increased vaccinations across the state, likely caused by concerns over a delta variant-driven surge in COVID cases, vaccination rates are rapidly declining, decreasing by more than half in the last 10 days.

On Sept. 1, the state was averaging more than 40,000 new COVID vaccinations a day over a seven-day period. In just 10 days, that number has been more than cut in half, dropping to 19,102 average vaccine doses administered per day, according to data from the Illinois Department of Public Health.

See the latest COVID data for Illinois.

Does the COVID Vaccine Affect Fertility? Here’s What Chicago’s Top Doctor Says

As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updates its guidance for pregnant women surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine, questions have surfaced regarding the vaccine’s effect on fertility.

All three vaccines being used in the U.S. have shown no impacts, according to Chicago’s top doctor.

As reported earlier this year, some people who menstruate saw changes to their periods after getting vaccinated, but Chicago Department of Public Health Commissioner Dr. Allison Arwady said there have been no signs of any long-lasting symptoms.

Read more here.

FDA Official Hopeful 5- to 11-Year-Olds Can Get COVID Vaccine Before Start of 2022

The Food and Drug Administration’s vaccine chief said Friday the agency will rapidly evaluate COVID-19 vaccinations for younger children as soon as it gets the needed data — and won’t cut corners.

Dr. Peter Marks told The Associated Press he is “very, very hopeful” that vaccinations for 5- to 11-year-olds will be underway by year’s end. Maybe sooner: One company, Pfizer, is expected to turn over its study results by the end of September, and Marks say the agency hopefully could analyze them “in a matter of weeks.”

In the U.S., anyone 12 and older is eligible for COVID-19 vaccines. But with schools reopening and the delta variant causing more infections among kids, many parents are anxiously wondering when younger children can get the shots.

The latest here.

CPS Parents, Teachers Hold Rally Amid Concerns About District’s COVID Protocols

Chicago Public Schools parents held a protest in front of Mayor Lori Lightfoot’s house Monday, aiming to give voice to their concerns over the dangers of the coronavirus.

The parents are seeking options to return to online learning, saying that they aren’t satisfied with the protocols and policies schools have put in place, or with the enforcement of those rules.

Protesters held a march on Monday in Logan Square, demanding accountability and other action items, with parents, students and some teachers gathering at the Logan Square Monument.

Read more here.

Pritzker Announces Programs to Provide Child Care, Other Services to Parents Seeking Jobs

Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker and Illinois Department of Human Services Secretary Grace Hou have announced a program that will aim to give parents three months of free child care as they search for new employment.

Under the program, IDHS will expand eligibility for the Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP), which gives three months of free coverage for unemployed parents who are seeking employment.

Beginning Oct. 1, parents who are unemployed and actively seeking employment will be eligible for three months of assistance. If parents become employed or enroll in an education program within that three-month period, they will remain eligible for CCAP coverage for up to 12 months, according to a press release.

Details here.

COVID Patient at Center of Ivermectin Debate at Chicago-Area Hospital Dies

A coronavirus patient at the center of a debate after she requested to be treated with a controversial drug used in veterinary medicine called ivermectin has passed away, officials said.

Veronica Wolski, who was known for documenting demonstrations she held on a bridge over the Kennedy Expressway on YouTube, died early Monday morning, according to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office. Her cause of death was pending an autopsy.

Wolski, 64, often shared beliefs against the coronavirus vaccine and mask-wearing.

“I have never once worn a mask. I have called the police on people that tried to make me wear masks,” she said in one of her videos.

Read more here.

Some Chicago Aldermen Want City to Require Vaccination Proof in Indoor Public Spaces

A number of aldermen wrote a letter to Chicago’s top doctor Thursday, asking the city to require proof of COVID-19 vaccination for those visiting public indoor settings including restaurants, bars, movie theaters and concert halls.

In support of their recommendation, the eight members of the Chicago City Council’s Committee on Health and Human Relations cited the uncontrolled community transmission of the delta variant, the threat of new variants, approaching colder weather as well as free and readily available FDA-approved and emergency-authorized COVID-19 vaccines.

Read more here.

Moderna vs. Pfizer: Is One Vaccine Stronger Against Delta Variant?

With many now able to choose which COVID vaccine they receive, questions surrounding which offers better protection against the now-surging delta variant have spiked.

Several studies have been conducted to determine vaccine effectiveness, but is one vaccine actually better than the others?

According to medical experts, the three vaccines currently available in the U.S. each offer protection.

Here’s a breakdown of what we know so far about each vaccine.

Source link